- · Lumps in the breast and in the underarms
- · Scaling of the skin of the breast and of the nipple
- · Redness in the skin of the breast and of the nipple
- · A sudden, unexplained change in the shape or size of the breast
- · Discharges from the nipple
- · Inverted nipple
- · Breast pain or sore nipple
- · swelling in all or part of the breast
· Family history- The risk of breast cancer is higher among women who have close relative (sister, mother, daughter) with the disease. This also doubles a woman's risk.
· Personal history- Having been diagnosed with breast cancer in one breast increases the risk of cancer in the other breast or the chance of an additional cancer in the original breast.
· Drinking alcohol in excessive amount increases the risk of getting breast cancer.
· Having dense breast tissue makes mammograms hard to read, thus making it difficult to diagnose the disease.
· Early Menstruation and Late Menopause- Women who started their menstrual cycle at a younger age, say before 12, or have their menopause at a later age, as after 55, may have a slightly increased risk.
· Having their first baby at an older age also increases the risk of breast cancer.
· Having no baby at all- if a woman never gets pregnant, this also increases the risk of getting breast cancer.
· Using combined hormone therapy after menopause to reduce their signs of menopause symptoms leads them to a higher risk of having breast cancer.
· Genetic risk factors- The most common causes are mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes (breast cancer and ovarian cancer genes). Women who are inheriting a mutated gene from a parent are more likely to develop breast cancer than women who don’t.