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Friday, September 21, 2018

DOES TEENAGERS GET CANCER




Though it is normally considered rare for teenagers to have cancer, but still there are some types of cancer which are more likely to occur in teens. For example, Testicular cancer tends to affect younger guys rather than older men. About half of testicular cancers occur in men between the ages of 20 and 34, but it can occur at any age, including in teens. Statistically speaking, cancers in teenagers normally starts between 15 to 19 years of age and sometimes treating these cancers can be challenging for a number of reasons.

MOST COMMON TYPES OF TEENAGE CANCERS

Some types of cancers which affect adolescents, too,  are:

Leukemia
Leukemia is the cancer of the bone marrow and blood. This is one of the most common cancers in children, but they can occur at any age. It occurs when large numbers of abnormal white blood cells called leukemic blasts fill the bone marrow and sometimes enter the bloodstream. The types of leukemia most likely to occur in teens are acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and acute myelogenous leukemia (AML).

The outlook for most acute leukemia tends to be better the younger a patient is, but obviously as soon as they are found, they should to be treated with chemotherapy. 

Lymphomas
Lymphomas start in immune system cells called lymphocytes. They often start in lymph nodes and other lymph tissues, like the tonsils or in a small organ in front of the heart, known as thymus. They can also affect the bone marrow and other organs. Lymphomas are of two types, Hodgkin lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Both can occur in adolescents, though NHL is less common in teens.  

 Thyroid cancer
Younger women have a bigger tendency of having Thyroid cancer in comparison to younger men. The most common symptom of thyroid cancer is a lump in the front of the neck. Though most thyroid lumps may not necessarily cancer, but it is always safer to have them checked to be sure. The chance of curing thyroid cancers is usually very good.

Brain Tumors
Brain tumors can also occur in teens. Two of the most common forms are astrocytomas and ependymomas. No one knows the exact cause of primary brain cancer. In children, most brain tumors start in the lower parts of the brain, such as the cerebellum (which coordinates movement) or brain stem (which connects the brain to the spinal cord). Treatments vary depending upon the type and location of the tumor. But there is a very good chance that if the tumor can be removed and additional treatment is given, the cancer can be cured.

Bone and soft tissue cancers (sarcomas)
Sarcomas are cancers that start in connective tissues such as muscles, bones, or fat cells. There are two main types of sarcoma: bone sarcomas and soft tissue sarcomas. Two types of bone cancer, osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma, are most common in teens. Sarcomas can develop at any age, but some types occur most often in older children and teens.

Ovarian cancer
Though ovarian cancer is much more common in older women, but some types of ovarian cancers, known as germ cell tumors, are more likely to occur in teens and young women. If some abnormal symptoms such as abnormal bloating, belly pain, or urinary symptoms persists or occur for long, a doctor should be consulted as soon as possible.